About the Horses
-All registered thoroughbreds can trace their lineage back to one of three original stallions.
-The record for the fastest Kentucky Derby is 1:59.40, run by Secretariat in 1973.
-Every thoroughbred must be registered with the Jockey Club in order to be eligible to race.
-Thoroughbred race horses start racing at the age of 2.
-Looking at the direction that a horse's ears are pointed in will tell which direction the horse is looking.
-Horses are prey animals. Horses eyes are located on the sides of their face so they can see all around them. Horses have only two blind spots, directly in front of and behind them.
About the Trainers
-All trainers must be licensed by the racing commission in every state in which they wish to train.
- The trainer determines everything the horse does, from when and what it is fed to when and where it will run in a race.
About the Riders
-Jockeys are not track employees, they are hired by trainers and owners to ride their horses.
-The colored shirts worn by jockeys are called 'silks' and they represent the owner or trainer of the horse that the jockey is wearing.
-The body weight of the average jockey ranges from 108 to 118 pounds.
-Outriders are known as the traffic-cops of the racetrack. They catch loose horses, enforce track rules, watch out for and diffuse potential problems, and determine if a horse and rider are safe on the track.
About the Races
- The Kentucky Derby has been run consecutively on the first Saturday in May since its first running in 1875
- The Breeders' Cup is considered thoroughbred racing's world championship competition.
-Claiming races are the most common kind of race in American thoroughbred racing.
-A classic distance for thoroughbred racing is 1 1/4 miles.